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How Does Gender Inequality Affect One’s Mental Health?

  • 5 July 2023

Gender inequality can start at an incredibly early age. It has profound effects on a person’s mental health. It starts with small jokes and taunts but will develop gradually to its present state. Few scientific studies show that such discrimination can cause elevated levels of stress, anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and so on.

Gender and Society

Gender refers to the socially constructed characteristics associated with women, men, girls, and boys. Unfortunately, society still holds regressive views on gender. These characteristics are often based on stereotypes about what it means to be a “man” or a “woman.” For example, men are often expected to be strong and assertive, while women are often expected to be gentle and nurturing.

These stereotypes can have a significant impact on mental health. For example, men who are unable to live up to the stereotype of the “strong, silent type” may feel pressure to bottle up their emotions, which can lead to depression and anxiety. Women who are unable to live up to the stereotype of the “perfect mother” may feel inadequate and guilty, which can also lead to mental health problems. These views are strongly influencing the youth of our nation, and as a result, many young individuals with aspirations are experiencing significant challenges in navigating the world.

Not Only Women

Gender inequality doesn’t just affect women. Men, transgender people, and non-binary people can also be affected by gender stereotypes and discrimination. For example, men who are victims of domestic violence may be reluctant to seek help because they feel like they should be able to “take care of themselves.” Transgender people may experience discrimination and harassment, which can lead to anxiety, depression, and even suicidal thoughts.

The Impact of Gender Inequality on Mental Health

Gender inequality can have a number of negative impacts on mental health, including:

Increased stress: Gender inequality can lead to increased stress levels, which can contribute to the development of anxiety and depression.

Low self-esteem: Gender stereotypes can lead to low self-esteem, especially in people who don’t conform to traditional gender roles.

Trauma: Gender-based violence, such as domestic violence and sexual assault, can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Substance abuse: People who are struggling with the effects of gender inequality may be more likely to use drugs or alcohol to cope.

How to Address Gender Inequality

There are a number of things that can be done to address gender inequality and its impact on mental health. These include:

Challenging gender stereotypes: One of the most important things we can do is to challenge gender stereotypes. This means teaching children about the importance of gender equality and helping them to understand that there is no one right way to be a “man” or a “woman.”

Supporting victims of gender-based violence: It is also important to support victims of gender-based violence. This includes providing them with access to resources, such as counseling and legal assistance.

Promoting mental health awareness: We need to raise awareness about the mental health effects of gender inequality. This will help people to understand that they are not alone and that there is help available.


Gender inequality is a serious problem that has a significant impact on mental health. We need to take steps to address this problem and to support those who are affected by it. By working together, we can create a more just and equitable society for everyone.

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